The Finnish Spitz presents a fox-like
picture. The breed has long been used to hunt small game and birds.
The pointed muzzle, erect ears, dense coat and curled tail denote its
northern heritage. The Finnish Spitz' whole being shows liveliness,
which is especially evident in the eyes, ears and tail. Males are
decidedly masculine without coarseness. Bitches are decidedly feminine
The Finnish Spitz' most important characteristics are its square,
well-balanced body that is symmetrical with no exaggerated features, a
glorious red-gold coat and his bold carriage and brisk movement.
Any deviation from the ideal described in the standard should be
penalized to the extent of the deviation. Structural faults common to
all breeds are as undesirable in the Finnish Spitz as in any other
breed, even though such faults may not be specifically mentioned in
Height at the withers in dogs: 17 1/2 to 20
inches; in bitches: 15 1/2 to 18 inches.
Square, length from forechest to buttocks equal
to height from withers to ground. The coat may distort the square
Substance and bone in proportion to overall dog.
Clean cut and fox-like. Longer from occiput to
tip of nose than broad at widest part of skull in a ratio of 7:4. More
refined with less coat or ruff in females than in males, but still in
the same ratio. A muscular or coarse head, or a long or narrow head
with snipy muzzle, is to be penalized.
Fox-like and lively
Almond-shaped with black rims. Obliquely set
with moderate spacing between, neither too far apart nor too close.
Outer corners tilted upward. Dark in color with a keen and alert
expression. Any deviation, runny, weepy, round or light eyes should be
Set on high. When alert, upward standing, open to the front with tips
directly above the outer corner of the eyes. Small, erect, sharply
pointed and very mobile. Ears set too high or low or too close
together, long or excessive hair inside the ears are faults.
Flat between ears with some minimal rounding ahead of earset. Forehead
a little arched. Skull to muzzle ratio is 4:3.
Narrow as seen from the front, above and from the side; of equal width
and depth where it insets to the skull, tapering somewhat, equally
from all angles.
Black. Any deviation is to be penalized. Circumference of the nose to
be 80% of the circumference of the muzzle at its origin.
Black: thin and tight
Scissors bite. Wry mouth is to be severely faulted.
Neck, Topline, Body
Well set; muscular. Clean with no excess skin below muzzle. Appearing
shorter in males due to their heavier ruff.
Level and strong from withers to croup.
Deep, brisket reaches to the elbow. Ratio of chest depth to distance
from withers to ground is 4:9.
Slightly drawn up
Set on just below level of topline, forming a single curl falling over
the loin with the tip pointing toward the thigh. Plumed, curving
vigorously from its base in an arch forward, downward, and backward,
pressing flat against either thigh with tip extending to middle part
of thigh. When straightened the tip of the tail bone reaches the hock
joint. Low or high tailset, too curly a tail, or too short tail is to
The layback is thirty degrees to the vertical.
Viewed from the front, moderately spaced, parallel and straight with
elbows close to the body and turned neither out nor in. Bone strong
without being heavy, always in proportion to the dog. Fine bone, which
limits endurance, or heavy bone, which makes working movement
cumbersome, is to be faulted.
Viewed from the side, slope slightly. Weak pasterns are to be
May be removed
Rounded, compact foot with well-arched toes, tightly bunched or
close-cupped, the two center toes being only slightly longer than
those on the outside. The toe pads should be deeply cushioned and
covered with thick skin. The impression left by such a foot is rounded
in contrast to oval.
Angulation in balance with the forequarters
Moderately let down. Straight and parallel.
As in front.
The coat is double with a short, soft,
dense undercoat and long, harsh, straight guard hairs measuring
approximately one to two inches on the body. Hair on the head and legs
is short and close; it is longer and most dense on plume of tail and
back of thighs. The outer coat is stiffer and longer on the neck and
back, and in males, considerably more profuse at the shoulder, giving
them a more ruffed appearance. Males carry more coat than females. No
trimming of the coat except for feet is allowed.
Whiskers shall not be trimmed. Any trimming of the coat shall be
severely faulted. Silky, wavy, curly, long or short coat is to be
Varying shades of golden-red ranging
from pale honey to deep auburn are allowed, with no preference given
to shades at either extreme so long as the color is bright and clear.
As the undercoat is a paler color, the effect of this shading is a
coat which appears to glow. White markings on the tips of the toes and
a quarter-sized spot or narrow white strip, ideally no wider than 1/2
inch, on the forechest are permitted. Black hairs along lipline and
sparse, separate black hairs on tail and back
permitted. Puppies may have a good many black hairs which decrease
with age, black on tail persisting longer. Muddy or unclear color, any
white on the body except as specified, is to be penalized.
The Finnish Spitz is quick and light on
his feet, steps out briskly, trots with lively grace, and tends to
single-track as the speed increases. When hunting he moves at a
gallop. The angulation called for permits him to break into a working
gait quickly. Sound movement is essential for stamina and agility.
Active and friendly, lively and eager,
faithful, brave but cautious. Shyness, any tendency toward unprovoked
aggression is to be penalized.
Note: Finnish Spitz are to be examined on the ground.
Standards approved by The American Kennel Club
July 12., 1999
Effective: August 30, 1999